Most primary roads are generally paved and well maintained; however, roads outside the major cities are in poor condition. The road from Accra to the central region tourist area of Cape Coast continues to be the site of many accidents. Travel at night, particularly outside the major cities, is extremely hazardous, due to poor street lighting and the unpredictable behavior of pedestrians, bicyclists, and crossing farm animals such as goats and pigs. The safety standards of the small private buses that transit roads and highways are uncertain. Travelers are encouraged to consider this when making travel arrangements.
Travelers are routinely stopped at police checkpoints throughout Ghana. Automobiles and passengers may be searched. Drivers must possess an international drivers license. Foreign nationals are expected to carry documentation of their status, such as a passport and visa.
Minibuses known as 'trotros' are unreliable and inconvenient but many budget travellers are tempted to use them. However, they are regularly involved in fatal crashes due to bad driving and low safety standards of the buses. Car rentals are available but there is no such things as self-drive. Taxi fares should be determined prior to departure to avoid arguing about price once you reach your destination. Boarding motorbike taxis known as 'okada' is unsafe and illegal. Tro-tro & bus taxis are shared with other travellers.
Schedules and fares for road travel by the State Transport Company's air-conditioned fleet of coaches between the 10 regional capitals of Ghana is available here.
Gorvernment-run STC busese are among the best in West africa & have 2 classes: express (air-conditioned) & ordinary. Book the fromer well in advance.
Ghana has five domestic airlines. Click on the name of the airline in the table below to access their website:
|Africa World Airlines||AW||+233 302 764288 / +233 233 689689|
|Antrak Air||04||+233 302 769459 / +233 302 782814/7 / +233 302 2765458/9|
|City Link||CTQ||+233 302 785725 / +233 302 770445 / +233 202290567/8|
|Starbow||S9||+233 302 770581 / + 233 245000000 / + 233 544342644|
|Flight 540||5G||+233 302 963601 / +233 302 744540 / +233 202250208|
NOTE: Service provided by a number of regional air carriers is reported to be unreliable. The airlines are known to alter scheduled stops, cancel or postpone flights on short notice, and regularly overbook flights. Travelers may experience unexpected delays even after checking in and should be prepared to handle alternate ticketing and/or increased food and lodging expenses.
The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has assessed this country's civil aviation authority and determined that it licenses and oversees air carriers in accordance with aviation safety standards established by the International Civil Aviation Organization.
Ghana's railway system has all but collapsed but information can be found here. Routes are very limited and most people travel by road given the limit of the rail network. There is now a daily service between Tema and Accra, however the schedule is not available online.
You can travel the length of the Volta by ferry. More information on the routes and ports can be found here. There is a pleasure boat called the Dodi Princess which offers cruises on the Volta. It is a nice way to see the lake and there is a lunch buffet and entertainment. Click here for more information.