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National Facts

Full Name

Republic of Ghana

Capital

Accra

Largest City

Accra

Most Populous Cities 

Accra

Kumasi

Tamale

Tema

Teshie

Cape Coast

Obuasi

Takoradi

Sekondi

Koforidua

 

Location Data

 

Continent

Africa

Time Zone(s)

UTC-+0

Calling Code

+233

ISO 2 Code

GH

ISO 3 Code

GHA

FIPS code

GH

IOC code

GHA

FIFA Code

GHA

Key Facts

National Anthem

God Bless Our Homeland Ghana

Primary Language

English

Demonym

Ghanaian

Drives On the right side of the road

Motto

Freedom and Justice

Voting Age

18

Drinking Age

18

Age of Consent

16

Travel Requirements 

Tourist Visa Required

Yes                                      

Business Visa Required                                    

Yes

Maximum Stay                                                  

90 days

 

Recommended Vaccines

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

Meningococcal (meningitis)

Rabies

 

Visitor Etiquette

Say thank you

Attire

Conservative dress

Tip (Restaurant)

10% - 5% only for great service

Accept all offers of food and drink

Give host a gift 

 

Type of Government

Constitutional

Presidential

Republic 

 

Chief Executive

John Dramani Mahama 

President

John Dramani Mahama

Second Chief Executive

Kwesi Amissah-Arthur

Vice President

Kwesi Amissah-Arthur

 

Executive Details

Last Executive Election

2012

Term length

4 years

 

Legislative Details

Legislature Size 

275 members                                             

Last Legislative Election 

2012                                

 

Political Facts

 

Controlling Political Parties

 

National Democratic Congress

 

Foreign Affairs

OECD Member

No

Member of the United Nations

Yes

Security Council Member

No

 

Cabinet Members

Foreign Minister & Regional Integration

Hanna Tetteh

Defence Minister

Mark Owen Woyongo

Justice Minister & Attorney Gen.

Marietta Brew-Appiah-Oppong

Finance Minister & Economic Planning

Seth Terkper

 

Ghana Economy

GDP

$75.7 Billion

GDP Growth Rate

14%

GDP Per Capita

$3,400

GDP Per Capita Growth

5%

 

Ghana's gross domestic product (GDP) is $75,660,000,000. Ghana's GDP per capita is $3,400, which is 67% lower than the world average of $10,200.

GINI Coefficient

39.4

Inflation Rate

9.2%

Unemployment Rate

11%

Current Account Balance

$-3.67 Billion

 

Ghana's very high inflation rate, 9.2%, and its high unemployment rate, 11% could spell out a looming economic disaster. Fortunately, Ghana's high GDP growth rate of 14% might help to lower unemployment and ultimately allow the economy to catch up with its rising prices. In an attempt to lower inflation, Ghana's central bank might try to raise interest rates and thus discourage the creation of money.

 

Trade

Trade (% of GDP)

95.96%

Merchandise Imports

$17,560,000,000

Imports of Goods and Services (% of GDP)

0.99%

Merchandise Exports

$13,730,000,000

Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)

0.99%

Average Tariff

15%

Animal and Fish

16.85%

Food, Beverage, Tobacco Products

17%

Textiles

30.54%

 

Industry and Business

Start-up procedures to register a Business

7 procedures

Industrial Production Growth

7%

Industry, Value Added (annual % growth)

7.01

Industry, Value Added (% of GDP)

27

Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)

6%

Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)

22%

Cost of Business Start-up Procedures (% GNI)

18%

 

Currency

Currency 

Cedi                                                        

Currency Code 

GHS                                           

 

Debt and Credit

Foreign Exchange Reserves

$5,805,000,000

External Debt

$8.835 billion, 2012. (AFRODAD)

Public Debt (% of GDP)

49%

 

Gross Capital

Gross capital formation (current US$)

$2,147,483,647

Gross capital formation (% of GDP)

18.79%

Gross domestic savings (% of GDP)

5.94%

Gross Fixed Capital Formation (current US$)

$2,147,483,647

Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)

18.79%

 

GDP and GNI Historical Data Source: World Bank 2012

 

Society & Demographics

Population

24,652,402

Median Age

20.7 years old

Labour Force

11,440,000

Net Migration Rate

-0.56 per 1000 people

Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

11,585

Birth Rate

32 per 1000 people

Death Rate

8 per 1000 people

Fertility Rate

4.12 child(ren) per woman

 

Fertility rate can be used to measure the potential for population change in a country. Ghana's fertility rate is 4.12 child(ren) per woman. Such a high fertility rate means Ghana's population is both growing rapidly in size and declining in median age, which is currently 20.7 years old. This could potentially spell out hard times for families struggling to feed and educate their children and for women trying to enter the labour force.

 

Average Sex Ratio

0.98 male(s) per female

Total Females

12,762,573

Total Males

12,437,036

 

Population by Region 

Rural Population

12,043,540

Rural Population Growth (annual %)

0.81%

Urban Population

13,322,922

Urban Population Growth (annual %)

3.43%

 

Crime and Poverty 

Population below Poverty Line

29%

Homicide Rate

15.67 per 100,000 people

 

Homicide Rate Source, Public Health, WHO, 2008

Homicide Count                                                         

3,646 homicides

 

Homicide Count Source, Public Health, WHO, 2008

 

Serial Killers 

Name                                        

Murders

Victim Type

Charles Papa Kwabena Ebo Quansah

9

Friends, Young Women

 

Ghana Sports

Total Silver 

1                                                       

Total Bronze 

3                                                        

Medals per Million People 

0.16                                

Ghana FIFA Rank

#24                                            

All Time Winning Percentage

48.02%                    

World Cup Championships

0                                 

 

Key Education Facts

Literacy Rate

67%

Literacy Rate Rank (out of 215 countries)

#178

Education Index

0.596

 

Primary School Facts

Primary Education Duration

6 years

Primary School Starting Age

6 years old

 

Secondary School Facts

Secondary School Duration

6 years

Secondary School Starting Age

12 years old

 

Ghanaian Nobel Laureates

Kofi Annan

 

Subject

Peace

Field of Study

Economics

Reason

For his work for a better organized and more peaceful world

 

Key Health Facts

Life Expectancy Rank (out of 194 countries)

#152

Infant Mortality Rate

41 deaths/1000 births

Infant Mortality Rank (out of 194 countries)

#146

Health Index 2012

0.703

 

According to the International Human Development Index, Ghana's health index value of 0.703 indicates low human development.

 

Depth of the Food Deficit

19 kilocalories per person per day

Obesity Adult Prevalence

7.5%

Survival to Age 65, Female (% of cohort)

56.91%

Survival to Age 65, Male (% of cohort)

52.98%

 

Disease

Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV.

Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).

 

Source: World Bank

 

Treatment

Tuberculosis Treatment Success Rate

Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed. Source: World Bank

Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.

 

HIV/AIDs Facts

HIV/AIDS Deaths

18,000

HIV/AIDS Adult Rate

1.8%

People Living with HIV/AIDS

260,000

 

Internet

Internet Percent

5.26%

 

With 5.26% percent of Ghana using the internet, Ghana is 22.15% below the global average. This means that there are approximately 1,297,000 Ghanaian internet users.

Secure Internet Servers

75

Secure Internet Servers (per 1 million people)

3 per million people

Internet Hosts

59,086

Internet TLD

.gh

 

Key Energy Facts

Net Generation

8.76 bn kw/h

Per Capita Net Generation

373.98 kw/h

Proven Natural Gas Reserves

22,650,000,000 cubic meters

Proven Oil Reserves

660,000,000 barrels

 

Ghana Environment 

Total CO2 emissions

7,444 kilotons

Per Capita CO2 Emissions

0.3142 metric tons

 

Geography 

Area (km)

238,533 square kilometres

Area (m)

92,098 square miles

Area Rank (out of 194 countries)

78

Coastline

539 miles

 

Ghana Military History

Military Spending

Military Expenditure (% of GDP)

1.7%

Military Spending

$1,286,220,000

 

Military Manpower

Total Fit for Military Service                                 

8,357,167

Female Fit for Military Service                              

4,136,406

Male Fit for Military Service                                  

4,220,761

 

Military Branches and Regulations

Military Branches

Ghana Army; Ghana Navy; Ghana Air Force 

 

Conscription Regulations

18-26 years of age for voluntary military service, with basic education certificate; no conscription; must be HIV/AIDS negative (2012)

 

Below is GDP facts and figures from 1999 - 2003 

 

 
THE WORLD BANK GROUP A World Free of Poverty
Home
 
 
  Ghana Data Profile
Click on the indicator to view a definition 1999 2002 2003
People
Population, total 18.4 million 19.9 million 20.4 million
Population growth (annual %) 2.0 1.7 1.7
National poverty rate (% of population) .. .. ..
Life expectancy (years) .. 54.9 ..
Fertility rate (births per woman) .. 4.1 ..
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) .. 60.0 ..
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 children) .. 97.0 ..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. ..
Child malnutrition, weight for age (% of under 5) 24.9 .. ..
Child immunization, measles (% of under 12 mos) 73.0 81.0 ..
Prevalence of HIV (female, % ages 15-24) .. .. ..
Literacy total (% of ages 15 and above) 70.3 73.8 ..
Literacy female (% of ages 15 and above) 61.6 65.9 ..
Primary completion rate, total (% age group) 63.6 .. ..
Primary completion rate, female (% age group) .. .. ..
Net primary enrollment (% relevant age group) 61.8 .. ..
Net secondary enrollment (% relevant age group) 31.5 .. ..
Environment
Surface area (sq. km) 238.5 thousand 238.5 thousand ..
Forests (1,000 sq. km) .. .. ..
Deforestation (avearge annual % 1990-2000) .. .. ..
Freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. 2,672.3 ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.3 .. ..
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.) .. .. ..
Access to improved sanitation (% of urban pop.) .. .. ..
Energy use per capita (kg of oil equivalent) 421.1 .. ..
Electricity use per capita (kWh) 252.8 .. ..
Economy
GNI, Atlas method (current US$) 7.4 billion 5.5 billion 6.6 billion
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) 380.0 280.0 320.0
GDP (current $) 7.7 billion 6.2 billion 7.7 billion
GDP growth (annual %) 4.4 4.5 5.2
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth) 14.0 22.8 29.3
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP) 36.5 36.0 35.2
Value added in industry (% of GDP) 25.4 24.3 24.8
Value added in services (% of GDP) 38.1 39.7 40.1
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 32.3 42.5 37.2
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 49.8 54.5 50.9
Gross capital formation (% of GDP) 21.5 22.3 19.4
Current revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP) .. .. ..
Overall budget balance, including grants (% of GDP) .. .. ..
Technology and infrastructure
Fixed lines and mobile telephones (per 1,000 people) 11.6 33.4 ..
Telephone average cost of local call (US$ per three minutes) 0.1 0.0 ..
Personal computers (per 1,000 people) 2.5 3.8 ..
Internet users 20,000.0 170.0 thousand ..
Paved roads (% of total) 29.6 .. ..
Aircraft departures 5,000.0 4,400.0 ..
Trade and finance
Trade in goods as a share of GDP (%) 67.4 75.2 ..
Trade in goods as a share of goods GDP (%) 110.2 129.3 ..
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