You are here: HomeWallSayIt Loud2002 08 02LEARN TO SWIM, AFRICANS.............. (Kofi Ellison)Comment by Patriot Turncoat

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Interesting Article

Author:
Patriot Turncoat
Date:
2002-08-02 17:26:18


Looks like some researchers share in my opinion. They also list other factors such as the lack of facilities.

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http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1042/MR1042.chap8.pdf

SWIMMING REQUIREMENT AS A BARRIER TO PARTICIPATION

Data presented above on the swimming requirement in SOF entry, training, and selection show that minority personnel tend to be somewhat less proficient at swimming than are whites. This is sup-ported by many of our interviews and focus group discussions. The reason that minorities are less likely to swim is widely debated. Some discussants and interviewees believed in a physiological differ-ence, which impeded blacks? swimming ability; that blacks have more dense muscles and less body fat, resulting in a quicker loss of body heat in the water, as well as a lack of buoyancy. We do not ad-dress this hypothesis here; however, there is both research and anec-dotal evidence to suggest that socioeconomic and cultural differ-ences play a large role in explaining this disparity in swimming skills (Mael, n.d.). Many minorities who join the military are from urban areas and do not have the financial resources required to gain access to pools and swimming lessons. Crowded urban pools and lack of interest or swimming proficiency on the part of parents may be other factors contributing to the disparity in swimming skills. As Mael writes, ?The most salient influence on swimming ability among blacks appears to be somewhat related to socioeconomic status and family recreational habits? (p. 9).1 ______________ 1 Our research effort was unable to explore the degree to which differences in experience and ability of majority and minority personnel can be explained by socioeconomic status before entering the military.

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elvira
08-02 17:55
julia anderson
08-02 17:58
elvira
08-02 18:16
elvira
08-02 18:49
julia anderson
08-02 18:51
Sexy Amana
08-02 17:08
Patriot Turncoat
08-02 17:09
 
 
 
 
Interesting Article
Patriot Turncoat
08-02 17:26
Patriot Turncoat
08-02 18:21
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
julia anderson
08-02 18:36
Patriot Turncoat
08-02 18:22
Patriot Turncoat
08-02 17:55