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high blood pressure

2002-08-02 03:30:47

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure means that your heart is working harder than normal to force blood into the arteries and through the circulatory system. In most adults, a blood pressure reading greater than 140 over 90 is considered high.

Why is high blood pressure harmful?

When blood pressure is elevated for an extended period of time, the inner linings of the coronary arteries become damaged. This leaves them susceptible to the buildup of fatty deposits that can narrow or block the arteries and reduce blood flow to the body's organs. When untreated, high blood pressure can lead to heart failure, stroke, kidney damage, and loss of vision from damage to the retina at the back of the eye.

What are the risk factors for high blood pressure?

Your risk for high blood pressure increases as you age and if you have a family history of heart disease. Other risk factors include: smoking, being overweight, taking birth control pills, or using excessive amounts of salt.
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Nzema Kakula
08-02 04:00