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WHAT ARE THE APPROPRIATE ROLES OF GOVT IN PUB EDU?

Author:
YAW SOPHISM
Date:
2015-07-18 16:39:13


WHAT IS THE APPROPRIATE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN PUBLIC EDUCATION?

One characteristics of our society or culture is that we spend our energies and time on current happenings, making unnecessary noises about them, but do not learn from them. History has a certain telling that make sense, and that telling is in some sense rational telling. As Hegel would say, “every event is necessary for our maturation.” My question is: how do we grow as a nation from the second lady’s episode, besides castigating her behavior as uncalled for? What are the appropriate roles of governments in public education? Governments have three different roles regarding educational programs, service and products: (1) Provision (2) Finance and (3) Regulation. Most often education is supplied, financed and regulated by the state. In some countries these three roles pertain to primary and secondary education, while others extend them beyond secondary education.

The role of the state in education can be ambiguous and sometimes fluid. The UN Charter on human rights, as well as our national constitution talk about “Free Education,” but both do not define what really constitute free education. Does free education mean that parents or guardians are responsible for school uniforms, meals, textbooks, and classroom materials? Who is responsible for voluntary trips, and extra-curricular activities like, music, drama, sports and fieldtrips? A high school student recently won a case in California court in which he sued his school for asking him to pay for his “Cap & Gown” for graduation. The court argued that the student should not be responsible for the payment of the “Cap & Gown,” because graduation is part of the educational program.

Societal values and cultures sometimes determine what the appropriate role of the state is. In United States, parent participation is emphasized, especially in the primary schooling. And school administrators’ year-end evaluations are sometimes partly based on their ability to involve parents in school activities. In some states, they have what is called the “English Language Advisory Council,” (ELAC) for parents of second language Learners, as well as the General Parent Advisory Council. Parents are also pivotal in school site councils, councils that decide on the distribution of federal funds. Some of the big school have parents’ centers on Campuses. Parental involvement in US may also include things like – helping children with homework, supplementing school budgets with voluntary contributions, and sometimes assisting teachers in the classrooms.

However, this approach may not be appropriate in some European countries, where schooling is considered as the business of professional teachers and parents are encouraged to stay away. As a matter of fact, in Japan, effort is made to avoid “a school community.” They believe that school should be neutral. The Japanese think that schools in which parents have a strong influence may be unfair to those who are in the low income communities, a major problem and a hotly debated issue in United State. My question is: What are the appropriate roles of government and parents in education in Ghana, given our present socio-economic conditions?

[This is an authentic posting from YAW SOPHISM (Registered User)]
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