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General News of Wednesday, 22 August 2018


Emulate Adu Boahen – Nana Addo urges young historians

President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo has urged young historians and writers to emulate the works of the late great historian, Prof. Albert Adu Boahen.

President Akufo-Addo was speaking at the re-launch of Prof. Robert Addo-Fening’s book, titled “Akyem Abuakwa, 1700-1943, from Ofori Panin to Sir Ofori Atta”, on Monday, 20th August, 2018, as part of the activities commemorating the 75th anniversary the death of Nana Ofori Atta I, when he said this.

Recounting the history of writings on the continent, the President noted that, notwithstanding the massive evidence of 10th century Al-Azhar University in Cairo and 10th century Sankore University in Timbuktu and their manuscripts, there are several others who accepted and believed that there was no written history of Africa.

However, these early writings, some insist, were not set out in a chronological framework, and at best, provided information on earlier ethnic societies and traditional states.

President Akufo-Addo noted that literary works by such as C.C Reindorf in “The History of the Gold Coast and Ashanti”; John Mensah Sarbah in “Fante Customary Laws”; Joseph Casely-Hayford in “Gold Coast Native Institutions”; and, J.B. Danquah in “Akan Laws and Customs”, amongst others, fell into this category.

“It was, thus, left to the new generation of professionally-trained Ghanaian historians, of the post-independence era, to take up the challenge thrown at their forebears for nearly three centuries.

“Under the direction of the great historian, Professor Adu Boahen, then Head of the Department of History at the University of Ghana, Legon, during the 1960s and 1970s, a coterie of young, enthusiastic undergraduates of history were offered scholarships to undertake post-graduate studies abroad” he added.

They included K.Y Daaku, author of “Trade and Politics on the Gold Coast 1620-1720”; J.K Fynn, author of “Asante and its Neighbours 1700-1807”; Divine Amenumey, author of “The Ewe unification movement: a political history”; Kofi Afrifah, author of the “Akyem Factor in Ghana’s History”; A.A Iliasu, author of “The origins of the Mossi-Dagomba States”; and Kwamena-Poh, author of “Government and Politics in the Akuapem State”.

Among those who were trained locally, under Adu Boahen’s supervision, were Francis Agbodeka, author of “An Economic History of Ghana from the Earliest Times”, Irene Korkoi Odotei (neé Quaye), author of “External Influences on Ga Society and Culture”, and Robert Addo-Fening.

The re-launch of the book published by Prof. Robert Addo-Fening, “one of Adu Boahen’s most prominent proteges”, President Akufo-Addo noted is the first comprehensive, historical study of the rise and growth of Akyem Abuakwa, originally published twenty-one (21) years ago, in 1997, by the University of Trondheim, in Norway, by Prof. Addo-Fening.

In eight chapters, the author tells the story of Akyem Abuakwa from its origins in 17th century Adanse, through its relocation to Banso, on the backside of the Atewa hill under Nana Ofori Panin, commonly regarded as the founder of the Akyem State, and subsequently to Kyebi, in the valley of the Birim River, after 1727, and also insight into the life of Nana Ofori-Atta, as a traditional ruler, legislator and patriot, amongst others.

President Akufo-Addo, urged young historians and writers to help establish that the great continuum of Ghanaian history defines the determination of the Ghanaian people to build a civilisation founded on the values of liberty, common humanity and solidarity.

“The desirable conclusion of that history is the mobilisation of our immeasurable resources to address our problems, discarding a mindset of aid, dependence, charity and handouts, and creating a self-reliant, prosperous Ghana that will deal with others on the basis of equality and mutual respect,” the President concluded.