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Constitution of the Republic of Ghana

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF GHANA

ARRANGEMENT OF ARTICLES

CHAPTER ONE

THE CONSTITUTION

1. Supremacy of the Constitution

2. Enforcement of the Constitution

3. Defence of the Constitution

CHAPTER TWO

TERRITORIES OF GHANA

4. Territories of Ghana

5. Creation, Alteration or Merger of Regions

CHAPTER THREE

CITIZENSHIP

6. Citizenship of Ghana

7. Persons entitled to be registered as Citizens

8. Dual citizenship

9. Citizenship Laws by Parliament

10. Interpretation

CHAPTER FOUR

THE LAWS OF GHANA

11. The Laws of Ghana

CHAPTER FIVE

FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS

General

12. Protection of Fundamental Human Rights and Freedoms

13. Protection of Personal Liberty

14. Protection of Personal Liberty

15. Respect for Human dignity

16. Protection from Slavery and Forced Labour

17. Equality and Freedom from Discrimination

18. Protection of Privacy of Home and Other Property

19. Fair Trail

20. Protection from Deprivation of Property

21. General Fundamental Freedoms

22. Property Rights of Spouses

23. Administrative Justice

24. Economic Rights

25. Educational Rights

26. Cultural Rights and Practices

27. Women's Rights

28. Children's Rights

29. Rights of Disabled Persons

30. Rights of the Sick

Emergency Powers

31. Emergency Powers

32. Persons detained under Emergency Laws

Protection of Rights by the Courts

33. Protection of Rights by the Courts

CHAPTER SIX

THE DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY

34. Implementation of Directive Principles

35. Political Objectives

36. Economic Objectives

37. Social Objectives

38. Educational Objectives

39. Cultural Objectives

40. International Relations

41. Duties of a Citizen

CHAPTER SEVEN

REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE

Right to Vote

42. Right to Vote

43. Electoral Commission

44. Qualifications, Terms and Conditions of Service of Members of

Electoral Commission

45. Functions of Electoral Commission

46. Independence of the Commission

47. Constituencies

48. Appeals from Decisions of Commission

49. Voting at Elections and Referenda

50. Election of Candidates

51. Regulations for Elections and Referenda

52. Regional and District Representatives of Commission

53. Appointment of Staff of Commission

54. Expenses of Commission charged on Consolidated Fund

Political Parties

55. Organization of Political Parties

56. Restriction of Certain Propaganda

CHAPTER EIGHT

THE EXECUTIVE

The President

57. The President of Ghana

58. Executive Authority of Ghana

59. Absence for Ghana

60. The Vice-President and Succession to the Presidency

61. Public and Presidential Seals

62. Qualifications of President

63. Election of President

64. Challenging Election of President

65. Presidential Election Regulations

66. Term of Office of President

67. Presidential Messages

68. Conditions of Office of President

69. Removal of President

70. Appointments by President

71. Determination of Certain Emoluments

72. Prerogative of Mercy

International Relations

73. International Relations

74. Diplomatic Representation

75. Execution of Treaties

The Cabinet

76. The Cabinet

77. Meetings of the Cabinet

78. Ministers of State

79. Deputy Ministers

80. Oaths

81. Tenure of Office of Ministers, etc.

82. Vote of Censure

The National Security Council

83. The National Security Council

84. Functions of the National Security Council

85. Establishment of Security Services

National Development Planning Commission

86. National Development Planning Commission

87. Functions of National Development Planning Commission

The Attorney-General

88. The Attorney-General

CHAPTER NINE

THE COUNCIL OF STATE

89. The Council of State

90. Consideration of Bills by the Council of State

91. Other functions of the Council

92. Meetings of Council of State

CHAPTER TEN

THE LEGISLATURE

Composition of Parliament

93. The Parliament of Ghana

94. Qualifications and Eligibility

95. The Speaker

96. Deputy Speakers

97. Tenure of Office of Members

98. Emoluments of Members

99. Determination of Membership

Procedure in Parliament

100. Oath of Members

101. Presiding in Parliament

102. Quorum in Parliament

103. Committees of Parliament

104. Voting in Parliament

105. Unqualified Person Sitting or voting

106. Mode of Exercising Legislative Power

107. Retroactive Legislation

108. Settlement of Financial Matters

109. Professional Organisations

110. Standing Orders of Parliament

111. Attendance in Parliament of Vice-President and Ministers

Summoning, Dissolution etc.

112. Sessions of Parliament

113. Dissolution of Parliament

114. Gratuities for Members of Parliament

Privileges and Immunities

115. Freedom of Speech and of Proceedings

116. Immunity from Proceedings for Acts in Parliament

117. Immunity from Service of Process and Arrest

118. Immunity from Witness Summons

119. Immunity from Service as Juror

120. Immunity for Publication of Proceedings

121. Privileges of Witnesses

Contempt of Parliament

122. General Contempt

123. Criminal Proceedings

The Parliamentary Service

124. The Parliamentary Service

CHAPTER ELEVEN

THE JUDICIARY

General

125. The Judicial Power of Ghana

126. Composition and Mode of Exercise of Power of Judiciary

127. Independence of the Judiciary

128. Composition of Supreme Court and Qualifications of its Justices

129. General Jurisdiction of Supreme Court

130. Original Jurisdiction of Supreme Court

131. Appellate Jurisdiction of Supreme Court

132. Supervisory Jurisdiction of Supreme Court

133. Power of Supreme Court to review its decisions

134. Powers of a Single Justice of Supreme Court

135. Production of official Documents in Court

The Court of Appeal

136. Composition of Court of Appeal and Qualifications of its Justices

138. Powers of a Single Justice of Court of Appeal

The High Court

139. Composition of High Court and Qualifications of its Justices

140. Jurisdiction of the High Court

141. Supervisory Jurisdiction of the High Court

Regional Tribunals

142. Establishment and Composition of Regional Tribunals and Qualifications of chairmen and other Panel Members

143. Jurisdiction of Regional Tribunals

Appointment, Retirement and Removal of Justices of Superior Courts and Chairmen and other Members of Regional Tribunals

144. Appointment of Justices of Superior Courts and Chairmen and other Members of Regional Tribunals

145. Retirement and Resignation of Justices of the Superior Courts and Chairmen of Regional Tribunals

146. Removal of Justices of Superior Courts and Chairmen of Regional Tribunals

147. Service conditions and Removal of Panel Members of Regional Tribunal other than the Chairman

Appointment, Retirement and Removal of Judicial Officers

148. Appointment of Judicial Officers

149. Conditions of Service of Judicial Officers

150. Retirement and Resignation of Judicial Officers

151. Removal of Judicial Officers

152. Appointment, Allowances and Removal of Lower Court or Tribunal Panel members

The Judicial Council

153. Judicial Council

154. Functions of Judicial Council

Miscellaneous

155. Retiring Awards of Superior Court Justices

156. Judicial Oath

157. Rules of Court

158. Other Officers and Employees of Courts

159. Regulations by Chief Justice

160. Fees of the Courts to form part of Consolidated Fund

161. Interpretation

CHAPTER TWELVE

FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE OF THE MEDIA

162. Freedom and Responsibility of the Media

163. Responsibility of State-owned Media

164. Limitation on Rights and Freedoms

165. Media Rights and Freedoms to be Additional to Fundamental Human Rights

166. National Media Commission

167. Functions of the Commission

168. Appointment of Board Members of State-owned Media

169. Appointment of Editors

170. Staff of Commission

171. Expenses of Commission charged on Consolidated Fund

172. Independence of Commission

173. Independence of Journalists

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

FINANCE

General

174. Taxation

175. Public Funds of Ghana

176. The Consolidated Fund

177. Contingency Fund

178. Withdrawal from Public Funds, etc.

179. Authorisation of Expenditure

180. Expenditure in Advance of Appropriation

181. Loans

182. Public Debt

183. The Central Bank

184. Foreign Exchange Dealings

Statistical Service

185. Statistical Service

186. Statistical Service Board

The Auditor-General

187. The Auditor-General

The Audit Service

188. The Audit Service

189. The Audit Service Board

CHAPTER FOURTEEN

THE PUBLIC SERVICES

190. The Public Services of Ghana

191. Protection of Public Officers

192. Establishment of Public Corporations

193. Head of the Civil Service

194. The Public Services Commission

195. Appointments, etc. of Public Officers

196. Other Functions of the Public Services Commission

197. Regulations

198. Independence of Commission

199. Retiring Age and Pension

CHAPTER FIFTEEN

THE POLICE SERVICE

200. The Police Service

201. The Police Council

202. The Inspector-General of Police and Appointment of Members of Police service

203. Functions of the Police Council

204. Regional Police Committees

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

THE PRISONS SERVICE

205. The Prisons Service

206. The Prisons Service Council

207. Director-General of Prisons Service and Appointment of Members of Service

208. Functions of Prisons Service Council

209. Regional Prisons Committees

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

THE ARMED FORCES OF GHANA

210. Armed Forces of Ghana

211. Armed Forces Council

212. Appointments

213. The Chief of Defence Staff

214. Functions of Armed Forces Council

215. Delegation of Functions

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN

COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND ADMINISTRATIVE JUSTICE

216. Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice

217. Appointment of Members of Commission

218. Functions of Commission

219. Special Powers of Investigation

220. Regional and District Branches of Commission

221. Qualifications of Commissioners

222. Commissioners not to hold other Public Office

223. Terms and Conditions of Service of Commissioners

224. Acting Appointments

225. Independence of Commission and Commissioners

226. Appointment of Staff

227. Expenses of Commission charged on Consolidated Fund

228. Removal of Commissioners

229. Initiation of Legal Proceedings

230. Regulations

CHAPTER NINETEEN

NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR CIVIC EDUCATION

231. Establishment of National Commission for Civic Education

232. Membership of Commission

233. Functions of Commission

234. Independence of Commission

235. Terms and Conditions of Service of Members of Commission

236. Removal of Chairman and Deputy Chairmen

237. Regional and District Branches of Commission

238. Appointment of Staff

239. Expenses of Commission charged on Consolidated Fund

CHAPTER TWENTY

DECENTRALIZATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

240. Local Government

241. Districts of Local Government

242. Composition of District Assembly

243. District Chief Executive

244. Presiding Member

245. Functions of District Assemblies

246. Term of District Assembly

247. Qualifications and Procedures

248. Political Parties and Candidates for Election to Local Government Units

249. Revocation of Mandate by Electorate

250. Emoluments of District Chief Executive and Presiding Member

251. Executive Committee

252. District Assemblies Common Fund and Grants-in-Aid

253. Audit

254. Further Decentralization

255. Regional Co-ordinating Councils

256. Regional Ministers and Deputy Regional Ministers

CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE

LANDS AND NATURAL RESOURCES

Public Lands

257. Public Lands and other Public Property

258. Lands Commission

259. Membership of Commission

260. Regional Lands Commission

261. Membership of Regional Lands Commission

262. Regional Lands Officer

263. Qualifications of Members

264. Tenure of Office of Members of Commission

265. Independence of Lands Commission

Ownership of Land by Non-Citizens

266. Ownership of Land by Non-Citizens

Stool and Skin Lands and Property

267. Stool and Skin Lands and Property

Protecting Natural Resources

268. Parliamentary Rectification of Agreements Relating to Natural Resources

269. Natural Resources Commissions

CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO

CHIEFTAINCY

270. Institution of Chieftaincy

271. National House of Chiefs

272. Functions of the National House of Chiefs

273. Jurisdiction of the National House of Chiefs

274. Regional House of Chiefs

275. Disqualification of Convicted Persons

276. Chiefs not to take part in Active Party Politics

277. Definition of Chief

CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE

COMMISSIONS OF INQUIRY

278. Appointment of Commission of Inquiry

279. Powers of Commission of Inquiry

280. Functions of Commission of Inquiry

281. Inquiry Procedure

282. Assistance by Lawyer or Other Expert

283. Immunities and Privileges of Witnesses

CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR

CODE OF CONDUCT FOR PUBLIC OFFICERS

284. Conflict of Interest

285. Other Public Appointments

286. Declaration of Assets and Liabilities

287. Complaints of Contravention

288. Interpretation

CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE

AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION

289. Amendment of Constitution

290. Amendment of Entrenched Provisions

291. Amendment of Non-Entrenched Provisions

292. Certificate of Compliance with Constitution

CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX

MISCELLANEOUS

293. Claims against Government

294. Legal Aid

295. Interpretation

296. Exercise of Discretionary Power

297. Implied Power, etc.

298. Residual Powers of Parliament

299. Transitional Provisions