Health News of Saturday, 21 September 2013
Source: Daily Graphic
For three years running, malaria cases top the list of the top 10 out-patients department (OPD) disease cases in the Sunyani Municipal Hospital in the Brong Ahafo Region due to the prevalence of the mosquito vector, plasmodium parasite, which causes the disease.
However, there is a declining trend over 2011, 2012 and 2013 mid-year records as a result of efforts put in place by major stakeholders, especially the Ministry of Health (MoH) and donor agencies, by ensuring that people in the communities sleep under treated bed nets and observe environmental cleanliness.
The other cases are upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), intestinal worms, skin diseases and ulcers, hypertension, chicken pox, diabetes, anaemia, vaginal discharge.
In mid-year 2011, the total number of malaria cases recorded in the municipality stood at 9,294, while in 2012, the number reduced to 7,660. the half year of 2013, also saw a downward record of 5,674 cases.
According to a mid-year report of the Sunyani Municipal Health Directorate, URTI had maintained the second position after malaria over the three years with 3,161; 2,264 and 1,594 cases, respectively.
The report further indicated that anaemia had also gone up from the 10th position in 2012 to seventh during the first half of this year with 319 cases as against 152 in 2011 and 74 cases in 2012.
It also showed that intestinal worms placed third with 1,080 in 2011, while skin disease and ulcers, followed in 2011 with 822 patients and maintained the same position in 2012 with 738 cases.
Hypertension placed fifth with a record of 657 cases in both 2011 and 2012. Diabetes was next with 364 recorded patients in 2011.
For the 2011 and 2012 records, the report noted that chicken pox placed sixth in both instances with 171 and 228 respectively, while asthma came ninth with 109 cases in 2011.
In 2012, the report indicated that after malaria and URTI, gastroenteritis was third with 960 ailments, followed by skin diseases and ulcer cases, while vaginal discharge came sixth with 285 patients. Intestinal worms came eighth, recording 165 cases followed by diabetes with 150.
For the mid-year in 2013, the report pointed out that skin diseases and ulcers placed third after malaria and URTI with 1,023 cases, followed by ARTI with 811 cases, while gastroenteritis placed fifth with 739, followed by hypertension with 430.
Diarrhoea diseases were 232 while 229 cases of rheumatism and joint pain were recorded.